Turks of Turkey

  • Pre-Entry
  • Pre-Evangelism
  • Evangelism
  • Discipleship
  • Phase-Out
  • Completed

About the People

From the Joshua Project:

The Turks originated in Turan, a region that lies between the Caspian Sea and the Mongolian Desert. They arrived in Anatolia, Turkey (Asia Minor) in the eleventh century as conquering warriors. By the year 1299, the Ottoman Dynasty began ruling over what would become a vast empire, greater in area than the Roman Empire, and held the Caliphate lamented by Muslim fundamentalists. Over twenty states fell under Ottoman rule, including Southern Russia, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Libya, and Saudi Arabia. This huge empire lasted until Turkey became a republic in 1923.

Under the Ottomans Christians and Jews were tolerated, but were second-class citizens. The Armenians were persecuted and murdered in mass numbers. After the Empire collapsed in World War I and in subsequent war with Greece, many of the remaining Greek Christians were driven out of western Turkey. Since the 1920s modern Turkey has become a secular, developed nation that sits, literally and symbolically, between the Christian West and the Muslim world.

Turkey is considered to be a “link” between the Orient (Chinese and Mongols) and the Occidental (Anglo-Saxons, Slavs, Goths, and Latins). The Turks, therefore, have a knowledge and mixture of both Eastern and Western cultures.

Turkey is the only secular republic with a majority of the population being Muslim. Turkish law is not based on Islamic law, but is rather a republic modeled after the Swiss and French legal systems.

The Turks represent a great opportunity to create a “fulcrum” church movement that could reach many other Muslim people groups.

Though traditional ways continue to exist in some areas, the typical Turks lives a secularized, modern urban life, with all the materialistic advantages and temptations that go with it. Much cultural sexism remains as women are often viewed through traditional Islamic beliefs. Only 80% of women are literate as compared with 95% of men. A quarter of the population is under age 15.

The diet of the Turks consists of a heavy bread, olives, cheese from sheep or cows milk, onions, molasses from grapes, fresh fruits, vegetables, and nuts. Meats such as fish, wild game, or poultry are only eaten once a week. Wealthier peasants may also eat lamb and beef, but Islam prohibits them from eating pork.

Soccer is Turkey's most popular sport. Children enjoy games such as hide-and-seek and follow-the-leader. They also love to hear fairy tales.

Relaxation is of the utmost importance to the Turk. Coffee houses are places where men meet to visit and talk politics or business. In general, the Turks are courteous, gentle people who readily show hospitality to strangers. They are also very patriotic and have a deep sense of nationalistic pride and love for their country.

About the Project

Turkey is the land where the early church made much of it’s progress in the first and second centuries. The seven churches in Revelation are located in this country. Today there are fewer than 0.01% Christians.” With its population of over 76 million, this makes Turkey one of the least reached countries on earth.

Islam is the predominant religion of this society, while secularism still holds a stronghold in the ruling elite. Despite its constitution guaranteeing religious freedom, Christians are frequently persecuted. Further, the public meetings, such as church services, require great efforts to gain approval from the government, and public proselytizing is prohibited.


People-Group Facts

  • Population: 51,301,000
  • Language: Turkish
  • Trade Language: Turkish
  • Religion: Majority of population is Muslim


The Turkish Building Fund is designated to provide the means for the Turkish believers to build a meeting house (or church) in which to meet legally every Sabbath.

Frontier Stories

The Blind Leading the Kind

I have just experienced a chain of events so wonderful and puzzling that I am still trying to sort out their meaning.

By: Barnabas & Esther Hope
January 01 2011, 8:17 pm | Comments 0


Ozcan nearly killed himself, and now he really has. Ozcan virtually came back from the dead, and now he truly has. Let me explain this riddle.

By: Barnabas & Esther Hope
December 01 2010, 8:13 pm | Comments 0

Riddle Evangelism

My sister’s family gave me a gift this year while we were on furlough in the States—a message t-shirt.

By: Barnabas & Esther Hope
November 01 2010, 8:09 pm | Comments 0

Are You an Evangelist?

I have a security-guard friend named Teber. I met him just two weeks after we landed in Turkey, and I was still nervously trying to understand my new Islamic world.

By: Barnabas & Esther Hope
September 01 2010, 8:01 pm | Comments 0

Running the Race

“That’ll take awhile Shuree,” they said. “That’s more than half a million dollars! But if God wants you to do it, go for it!”

By: Shuree Arthur
August 01 2010, 8:04 pm | Comments 0

Our Friends, the Military Police

It was nine at night, and the military police were banging on our front door again! “Stay in your rooms!” I whispered to our student missionaries as I raced to the door and opened it.

By: Barnabas & Esther Hope
July 01 2010, 7:40 pm | Comments 0

Get Your Own Dirt

How can I get a Muslim to be hungry to know Jesus Christ?

By: Barnabas & Esther Hope
June 01 2010, 7:38 pm | Comments 0

Blessed are the Meek

I drive through a lively Gypsy neighborhood every day.

By: Barnabas & Esther Hope
May 01 2010, 7:26 pm | Comments 0

Unexpected Guests

The men plied me a dozen different times from different angles, trying to dislodge some secret they thought I possessed.

By: Barnabas & Esther Hope
April 01 2010, 7:23 pm | Comments 0

An Armload of Wood

You have brought a spiritual armload of wood to the door of a spiritually impoverished nation.

By: Barnabas & Esther Hope
March 01 2010, 7:18 pm | Comments 0

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